前两天看了Delphi版面精华区中的《进程死亡的自动复活》一文,觉得作者的思路很不错,利用api来监视进程的活动,当被销毁时就自动再创建进程。仔细推敲之后,发觉其实用vb也是可以做到的。于是花了半天的时间写了以下的程序,实现了使用WaitForSingleObject API来监视被创建的进程的活动,一旦返回除 time out 之外的消息就自动创建新的进程。以下为其实现代码。在 win2000 server + vb 6.0下通过。

Option Explicit

Private RunFile$

Private Const NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS = &H20 '如果进程位于前台,则基本值是9;如果在后台,则优先值为7
Private Const INFINITE = &HFFFFFFFF
Private Const WAIT_TIMEOUT = &H102& '对象保持未发出信号的状态,但等待超时时间已经超过
Private Flag As Boolean ‘进程活动监视标志

'说明∶PROCESS_INFORMATION结构由CreateProcess函数将关于新建立的进程和
'主要线索的信息写入其中成员变量
Private Type PROCESS_INFORMATION '
hProcess As Long
hThread As Long
dwProcessId As Long
dwThreadId As Long
End
Type

'说明∶STARTUPINFO结构用在CreateProcess函数中指定为新进程建立的新窗口的主要属性。这一
'一信息影响由CreateWindows函数建立的第一个窗口
Private Type STARTUPINFO
cb
As Long
lpReserved As String
lpDesktop As String
lpTitle As String
dwX As Long
dwY As Long
dwXSize As Long
dwYSize As Long
dwXCountChars As Long
dwYCountChars As Long
dwFillAttribute As Long
dwFlags As Long
wShowWindow As Integer
cbReserved2 As Integer
lpReserved2 As Long
hStdInput As Long
hStdOutput As Long
hStdError As Long
End
Type

Private Declare Function CloseHandle Lib "kernel32" (ByVal hObject As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function
WaitForSingleObject Lib "kernel32" (ByVal hHandle As Long, ByVal dwMilliseconds As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function
CreateProcess Lib "kernel32" Alias "CreateProcessA" (ByVal lpApplicationName As String, ByVal lpCommandLine As String, ByVal lpProcessAttributes As Long, ByVal lpThreadAttributes As Long, ByVal bInheritHandles As Long, ByVal dwCreationFlags As Long, lpEnvironment As Any, ByVal lpCurrentDirectory As String, lpStartupInfo As STARTUPINFO, lpProcessInformation As PROCESS_INFORMATION) As Long
Private Declare Function
WaitForInputIdle Lib "user32" (ByVal hProcess As Long, ByVal dwMilliseconds As Long) As Long

Private Sub
command1_Click()
Dim res&
Dim sinfo As STARTUPINFO
Dim pinfo As PROCESS_INFORMATION
sinfo.cb = Len(sinfo)
sinfo.lpReserved = vbNullString
sinfo.lpDesktop = vbNullString
sinfo.lpTitle = vbNullString
sinfo.dwFlags =
0

Label1.Caption = "正在启动程序"
Label1.Refresh
' CreateProcess函数,用于创建一个新的进程
res = CreateProcess(DemoFile, vbNullString, 0, font>0, True, _
NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS,
ByVal 0&, vbNullString, sinfo, pinfo)
If res Then
Label1.Caption = "程序正在运行中"
WaitForTerm pinfo
Label1.Caption =
"程序已经结束"
Else
Label1.Caption = "启动程序时出错,可能未正确输入" & Chr(13) & "程序名或程序所在路径。"
End If
End Sub

Private Sub
WaitForTerm(pinfo As PROCESS_INFORMATION)
Dim res&
Dim res1&
' 等待指定的进程进入空闲状态,,空闲(Idle)指的是进程准备处理一条消息、但目前暂时没有消息需要处理的一种状态
Call WaitForInputIdle(pinfo.hProcess, INFINITE)
Command1.Enabled =
False
Command2.Enabled = True
Label1.Refresh
Do
If
Flag Then Exit Do

'等待发出信号
res = WaitForSingleObject(pinfo.hProcess, 0)
If res <> WAIT_TIMEOUT Then '如果对象发出了信号
command1_Click

Exit Do
End If
DoEvents
Debug.Print res

Loop While True
Command1.Enabled = True
Command2.Enabled = False
End Sub

Private Sub
Command3_Click()
Flag =
True
End Sub

Private Sub
Form_Load()
RunFile = InputBox$(
"请输入需要运行的程序名与路经")
Flag =
False
End Sub


 
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  • firendless 回应于2009/04/16 19:52 回复TA

    [*链接已隐藏*]
    修改了下挂blog上了,
    清除了一个api,几个变量,规范了一下控件名等,独立了一个子sub...
    现在这个年代,咱这么守规矩的人,恐怕不多了。

    JiaJia 于 2009-4-16 20:11:46 回复

    这个不是我原创的,我只是改了改。

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